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AmQuel®
Instant Water Detoxifier

PURPOSE AND BENEFITS
AmQuel is the state-of-the-art in water conditioning technology. AmQuel quickly and effectively
removes ammonia, chlorine and chloramines (three of the most toxic chemicals commonly found
in aquatic systems) from freshwater and seawater. AmQuel is the only true one-step liquid
ammonia and chloramine remover that is simple to use. AmQuel is completely unlike declorinators
which claim to "remove" chloramines. These products only break the chlorine-ammonia bond of
chloramines by simple dechlorination, leaving the ammonia in the water. The resulting ammonia
must be removed by adsorption on granular or powdered zeolites (clinoptilolites). In addition,
AmQuel functions as well in salt water as it does in fresh water; whereas zeolites do not remove
ammonia in salt water.
For detailed information on AmQuel's chemical structure click here:
How AmQuel Works

SPECIFICATIONS
Contains 100% sodium hydroxymethanesulfonate.
Dosage: For control of ammonia and chloramines add 1 teaspoon (5 ml) to 38 Liters of fresh or
salt water for each 1.0 mg/L (ppm) of total ammonia (0.8 mg/L (ppm) ammonia-nitrogen).
This will remove up to 3 mg/L chloramine (as monochloramine, NH2Cl). It is suggested that
the ammonia concentration of the water be tested prior to the addition of AmQuel (See
Contraindications). Each ounce of AmQuel will treat 60 gallons of water at the normal dose.
The pH of the water being treated affects the speed at which AmQuel works. The lower the pH,
the slower AmQuel works. At a pH of 7.0 (neutral) AmQuel will remove the ammonia in less
than 5 minutes.

STABILITY

AmQuel is stable indefinitely when stored in a cool, dark area away from heat and direct sunlight.
AmQuel must be kept tightly closed when not in use.

COMPATIBILITIES
AmQuel is harmless to plants, fishes and invertebrates. This product is safe for use in aquariums
and ponds and will not interfere with normal biological filtration. AmQuel is compatible with
NovAqua® and PolyAqua®. Use caution when adding liquid AmQuel to water that has a poor
buffer reserve (as indicated by problems maintaining a stable pH). Using AmQuel in these
conditions can cause a sudden lowering of pH. To prevent a pH drop, use either AmQuel Plus
Buffers or Pure Dry AmQuel instead of liquid AmQuel.

CONTRAINDICATIONS
AmQuel should not be added to water containing active, therapeutic dosages of dyes such as
methylene blue, acriflavine, or malachite green, since AmQuel will interfere with their proper
performance. Combining AmQuel with these dyes will not result in toxic chemical by-products.
Do not use AmQuel with chelated copper treatments that utilize a citrate chelation process
(Kordon's Chelated Copper is compatible as it uses an EDTA chelation process).
Residual AmQuel and its reaction products are also incompatible with the Nessler-type test
reagents, resulting in false, high ammonia concentration readings. Ammonia test kits using
salicylate-type reagents such as Kordon's
AquaTru Test Kit #35970 for salt water and #35980
for fresh water are required for accurate test results. AmQuel will temporarily (approximately
12 hours) lower REDOX.

TOXICITY
AmQuel is non-toxic when used as directed. Numerous species of freshwater and marine fishes,
invertebrates and plants have been exposed to AmQuel with no toxic effects. It does not reach
toxic levels even in cases of accidental or purposeful overdosing. AmQuel is non-toxic to humans
and no special precautions are necessary in handling this product.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE:

AQUARIUMS AND PONDS
Add AmQuel to water at the recommended dosage to remove ammonia, chlorine and
chloramines. To fully condition the water, add NovAqua each time you use AmQuel.
Use AmQuel each time a water change is made.

FISH AND INVERTEBRATE SHIPPING AND HOLDING
AmQuel should be added to shipping water with
PolyAqua® before fish and invertebrates are
shipped. AmQuel and
NovAqua® should also be added to both the shipping water and the
aquarium or holding tank after shipments are received. NovAqua and AmQuel, when used
together, will reduce stress, osmotic and pH shock, probability of infection, and neutralize
ammonia, chloramines, chlorine and heavy metals.

FISH AND INVERTEBRATE FIELD COLLECTIONS
The use of AmQuel in holding and shipping water will reduce stress in fishes and invertebrates
due to ammonia intoxication. In addition, either
PolyAqua® or NovAqua® should be used in
holding and shipping water for optimum water conditioning and protection.

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